Prevalence and pattern of oral and maxillofacial trauma in Chhattisgarh- A retrospective study


Original Article

Author Details : Surabhi Singhai, Pramod Krishna B, Rajdeep Singh, Sushant Soni, Sushmita Batra*

Volume : 7, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 131-134

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmi.2021.024



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Abstract

Background: Maxillofacial trauma is any physical trauma to the facial region, commonly encountered by maxillofacial surgeons, and is often associated with high morbidity and so constitute quite a significant portion of the workload of the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Maxillofacial injuries can occur as an isolated injury or may be associated with multiple injuries in other parts of the body.
Purpose: To assess the patterns, etiology, and treatment modalities of maxillofacial trauma in a teaching hospital in central India, over a 12-year period.
Materials and Methods: Patients with maxillofacial trauma were identified using the department database and clinical records. 264 patients were identified with maxillofacial trauma in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery between January 2006 and December 2018.
Results: The study showed that there was a male preponderance in all age groups over female. Of the 264 patients with maxillofacial injuries, 83,33% had isolated lower face (mandibular) fractures, followed by midface fractures (10.60%) and panfacial fractures (6.06%). Road traffic accidents (87.12%) were the most common form of etiology for trauma followed by assaults (10.98%). Most trauma were treated with open reduction internal fixation (89%) than closed reduction (11%).
Conclusion: The etiology and pattern of maxillofacial injuries reflect the trauma patterns within the community and can thus provide a guide to help design programs toward prevention and treatment.
 

Keywords: Etiology, Maxillofacial trauma, Retrospective study, Trauma pattern.


How to cite : Singhai S, Pramod Krishna B, Singh R, Soni S, Batra S, Prevalence and pattern of oral and maxillofacial trauma in Chhattisgarh- A retrospective study. IP Int J Maxillofac Imaging 2021;7(3):131-134


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Maxillofac Imaging. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 28-07-2021

Accepted : 09-08-2021

Available online : 16-10-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmi.2021.024


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